Scouting is a non-political and non-military movement of children and youth. This is an adolescent and youth movement that aims at creating responsible and conscious, socially active and spiritually strong, patriotic generation. The Scout method of achieving this aim is a system of self-education, which is provided in small groups (patrols) through structured learning program. Scouting develops self-consciousness, the desire for exploration and discovery. Scouts reveal the world outside school, perceiving and sharing their skills and knowledge with others. Scouting is a voluntary, out-of-school, non-governmental Organization. Scouts take a constructive place in society as responsible citizens and as members of their local, national and international community.
Scouting movement is generally divided into sections by age, allowing activities to be tailored to the maturity of the group's members. These age divisions have varied over time as they adapt to the local cultures and vibrant environment.
Scouting was originally developed for youths between the ages of 11 and 17. In most member organizations, this age group composes the Scout section. Programs were developed to meet the needs of younger children (generally ages 6 to 10) and young adults (originally 18 and older, and later up to 25). Scouts and Guides were later split into "junior" and "senior" sections in many member organizations, and some organizations dropped the young adults' section. The exact age ranges for programs vary by country and association. In Azerbaijan the age gradation is as follow: 6-12 Cub Scouts/ 12-18 Scouts / 18- above Rovers and Leaders.
The World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) is the international organization of the Scouting. There are 160 National Scout Organizations that are Members of WOSM (World Organization of Scout Movement).
The World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) is the Non-governmental international organization which unites national Scout Organizations, with more than 28 million members. WOSM was established in 1920 and has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. WOSM is organized into six regions and operates with a conference, committee and bureau. Each region has number of member countries.
Eurasia Scout Region
In 1997, WOSM created it’s newest Region – Eurasia, ostensibly to assist in the rebirth of Scouting in the 12 former Soviet Republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. It’s headquarters located in Ukraine Kyiv, Ivana Franka street 4,
Regional Director - Iuri Emilian (nationality Moldova).
National Scout Organization
mission of Scouting
The mission of Scouting movement is to contribute to the education of young people, through a value system based on the Scout Promise and Law, to help build a better world where people are self-fulfilled as individuals and play a constructive role in society. This is achieved by:
involving them throughout their formative years in a non-formal educational process
using a specific method that makes each individual the principal agent of his or her development as a self-reliant, supportive, responsible and committed person
assisting them to establish a value system based upon spiritual, social and personal principles as expressed in the Promise and Law.
The purpose of the strategy is to implement the Mission. The adoption of the Strategy in 1999 was a major milestone for world Scouting. The strategy and the six challenges identified are essential in achieving the mission.
Six challenges were identified at the Durban Conference and need to be addressed to achieve our mission are:
1. Relevance: meeting the needs and aspirations of young people.
2. Complementary nature: focusing on the distinctive contribution Scouting can make to the education of young people, particularly through the Scout Method.
3. Membership: reaching out to more young people.
4. Adults: attracting and retaining the adults we need.
5. Relationships and partnerships: working with others to better serve young people.
6. Unity: pursuing a common purpose at all levels.
The Three Strategic Areas
The six challenges provide three broad areas of work:
Young People: encompassing the challenges on Relevance, Complementary nature and Membership in order to bring better Scouting to more young people, especially adolescents.
Adults: encompassing the challenge on Adults: attracting and retaining the adults we need, with an emphasis on the concept of volunteering.
Structures and Systems: encompassing the challenge on Relationships and partnerships - which recognizes the need to work with others to serve young people - and the challenge on Unity: pursuing a common purpose at all levels. Work in this strategic area should lead to an increase in the overall effectiveness of the Movement.
The Strategy for Scouting responds to the needs of Scouting because:
It is based upon the mission of Scouting.
It takes into account the key challenges which NSOs are facing in implementing the mission.
It proposes a shared vision of Scouting for the 21st century.
It focuses on three main areas which are crucial for the success of Scouting:
the needs and expectations of young people,
the motivation of adult leaders to contribute to the mission of Scouting,
new trends in managing non-governmental organizations
It identifies and proposes seven strategic priorities which should be used by each National Scout Organizations to build up its own action plans.
It identifies clearly the areas on which the world and regional bodies should focus in order to support their associations.
160 National Scout Organizations are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement. These are listed below. The newest members joined on 1 July 2008: Cambodia, Montenegro, Syrian Arab Republic and Ukraine.
Of the 160 National Scout Organizations, 126 belong only to the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM), and 34 belong both to WOSM AND to The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS).
Of the 126 National Scout Organizations which belong only to WOSM, 100 are open to boys and girls in some or in all program sections. 20 are only for boys. All 34 National Scout Organizations which belong both to WOSM and to WAGGGS are open to boys and girls... read
The World Scout Jamboree is a Scouting jamboree
of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, typically attended by several
tens of thousands of Scouts from around the world, aged 14 to 17...
Jamboree on the Air, known by its acronym JOTA, is an international Scouting
and Guiding activity held annually on the third full weekend in October.